How useful are hand sanitizers?

    They're definitely useful in the hospital, to help prevent the transfer of viruses and bacteria from one patient to another by hospital


    Outside of the hospital, most people catch respiratory viruses from direct contact with people who already have them, and

alcohol sanitizer gel won't do anything in those circumstances. And they

haven't been shown to have more disinfecting power than just washing your hands with soap and water.   

    Convenient cleaning

    Hand disnfectants do, however, have a role during peak respiratory virus season (roughly October to

April) because they make it much easier to clean your hands.

    It can be challenging to wash your hands every time you sneeze or cough, especially when you are outdoors or in a car. Hand sanitizers are convenient, so

they make it more likely that people will clean their hands, and that's better than not cleaning at all.

    According to the Centers for Diseae Control (CDC), however, for hand sanitizer to be effective it must be used correctly. That means using the

proper amount (read the label to see how much you should use), and rubbing it all over the surfaces of both hands until your hands are dry. Do not wipe your

hands or wash them after applying.

    Are all hand sanitizers created equal?

    It's important to make sure any hand sanitizer, or alcohol sanitizer spray

you do use contains at least 60 percent alcohol. 

    Studies have found that sanitizers with lower concentrations or non-alcohol-based hand sanitizers are not as effective at killing germs as those with 60

to 95 percent alcohol.

    In particular, non-alcohol-based sanitizers may not work equally well on different types of germs and could cause some germs to develop resistance to the


    Are hand sanitizers and other antimicrobial products bad for you?

    There is no proof that alcohol-based hand sanitizers and other antimicrobial products are harmful.

    They could theoretically lead to antibacterial resistance. That's the reason most often used to argue against using hand sanitizers. But that

hasn't been proven. In the hospital, there hasn't been any evidence of resistance to alcohol-based hand sanitizers.

    However, while there aren't any studies showing that hand sanitizers definitely pose a threat, there also isn't any evidence that they do a

better job of protecting you from harmful bacteria than soap.

    So while hand sanitizers have their place — in hospitals or when you can't get to a sink — washing with soap and warm water is almost always a

better choice. 

    When to avoid hand sanitizers

    You should always clean with soap and water if your hands are visibly dirty, or if you've touched chemicals. 

    When hands are heavily soiled or greasy — such as after playing outdoor sports or working at a construction site — the CDC cautions that hand

sanitizers may not work well at all.

    Benefits of soap and water

    Whenever you can, just wash your hands — for at least 20 seconds — with non-bacterial soap and warm water, and

alcohol wipes.

    The CDC says soap and water are more effective than hand sanitizers at removing certain types of germs. They also do a better job of preserving the

flora, or "good" bacteria, on your hands.

    Your whole body is covered with bacteria, and if you remove those good bacteria, they can be replaced by other, potentially harmful, bacteria. Natural

bacteria are there for a reason. 

    The best defense: cleanliness

    What does your room look like? What does the bathroom look like? How about your phone? There's a good chance all of these things need to be cleaned.

It's not necessary to use antimicrobial products: The important thing is to keep everything clean on a regular basis.

    On the other hand, some people are concerned about hygiene to an extreme extent. The good news is that if you do the usual things like practicing good

hand hygiene and avoiding touching your face — rather than taking extraordinary measures — you'll be fine.

    Toys for Toddlers   

    Toddlers can play with a wider variety of toys than they did when they were smaller.  They might still enjoy some of the toys they played with as

babies, and that’s fine.  The same blocks they played with a year or two ago can provide them with new and different educational opportunities as their

knowledge expands.  But they also need toys that are designed with kids their age in mind.   Shape sorters are great for toddlers.  They teach

them how to match similar items and provide parents the opportunity to teach them the names of the shapes.  Lego blocks provide an opportunity to learn

more about colors and symmetry while they develop their motor skills. 

    Toys for Preschool and School-Aged Children  

    When children reach preschool age, it’s time to start learning about letters, numbers and language skills.  There are lots of

new toys that encourage this type of learning, from simple alphabet puzzles to high-tech electronic

gadgets. These can give your child a head start by introducing her to the things she will be learning in school. Kids who are in school can supplement their

learning with fun and educational toys.  Giving them the opportunity to have fun while practicing the things they are learning in school will increase

their retention of those things.  And when your child finds an educational toy she really likes, she will be more likely to play with it, reinforcing

the things she has learned. Children can learn a lot from playing.  When you give your child educational learning toys and play with them with her, it gives her a chance to bond with you, learn, and have fun at the same time. And there are also

make up toy, or cosmetic toys. And making education enjoyable

will help your child retain the things she learns and develop a positive attitude toward learning.

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